abami Amateka

Ingoma ya Mutara II Rwogera (1802- 1853)

IGITERO CYA RWAGETANA

Ibitekerezo bivuga ko Mutara II Rwogera yimitswe akiri umwana ugihagatiye mu kigero cy’imyaka 7 kugera 12, bikanavuga ko yatanze ari umugabo w’ijigija mu kigero cy’imyaka 50 kugera 60.

Iyimikwa rye ryabereye I Murinja (Butare), ibwami bubaka I Mukingo hafi ya Mwanabili nibwo Ntare IV Rugamba w’I Burundi agabye mu Rwanda igitero gikomeye. Mu mezi ane yatandukanyaga ingoma ya Yuhi IV na Mutara II Rwogera; Ntare yateguraga mu gishanga cy’Akanyaru aho ingabo ze zizaca, yari yategetse abatware be ko bazatere mu nzora, ukwezi kugaragara kose mu kirere.

Iby’icyo gitero byari byatangajwe n’umutasi w’ibwami Ruhiso ariko yari yarabivuze mbere ku ngoma ya Gahindiro ntibibe bigeraho ntibahe agaciro ibyo yavugaga. Abibonye atyo ararira maze umugabekazi Nyiramavugo II Nyiramongi abibonye abwira abatware bari bashinzwe inkiko y’amajyepfo ati :” mbere umutasi wanjye yarabeshyaga ariko ntiyariraga, ubu noneho mugende mwitegure” abaha uruhushya rwo kujya ku rugerero.
Igitero kiba nkuko Ruhiso yari yabivuze.

Ingabo z’u Burundi zambuka inkiko ari nyinshi cyane mu ibanga rikomeye ngo abanyarwanda batabumva. Zari zategetswe kugenda zikagera I Mukingo maze bagatwika urugo rw’Ibwami abanyarwanda bataramenya uko bigenze. Ahari itsinzi y’abarundi mu bitero byo ku muharuro byatumye birara. Icyi gitero cyari kigiye kwereka ibihugu byombi ko ntagishobora gutera ikindi ngo kigere kure ko bigomba kugarukira ku bitero byo ku nkiko gusa.

Ingabo z’u Rwanda zamenye ko abarundi bambutse mu gitondo kandi abarundi bari baraye bambutse. Bahita babakurikira vuba, abarundi bari bagiye guhura n’ingabo nyinshi kuko abambere babo bari bageze I Gikoro hafi ya Buhimba (Butare) bahura n’ingabo zari zivuye ibwami zije kubasanganira, abarundi basubizwa inyuma. Ariko mu gusubira kwabo bahura n’abari bavuye ku nkiko nabo babakurikiye maze baragotwa bagire icyorezo gikomeye ntuhagira n’umwe utaha I Burundi.

Umugabekazi yari yabwiye abatwarebo ku nkiko ngo bitegure ariko Nyarwaya-Nyamutezi niwe wenyine wari wabihaye agaciro. Abarundi bagerageje guca hafi y’urugerero rwe bayobowe na Makungu wa Sebihuzenge nijoro basanga Nyarwaya yabiteguye ntihagira umurundi wambuka.

Igitero cyiswe “Rwagetana”. Byatewe nuko ingabo zari zivuye ibwami zahuye n’abari bahunze bavuye ku rugamba zirababaza ziti :”musize bimeze bite?” harimo umuntu w’igishegu wo mu mandwa arabasubiza ati :” dusize Rwagetana” ashaka kuvuga ko basize banigagurana. Igitero gifata izina gityo.
Iby’icyo gitero bihimbazwa n’abasizi benshi, habanje umusizi w’umurundi witwa Mitali ahimba ikitwa “Mpoze abarira” kuko mbere y’igitero Ntare IV Rugamba yari yashyingiye umukobwa we, maze umugabo atabaye mu Rwanda agwayo bikavugwa ko uwo mukobwa yababaye cyane ku buryo yanashatse kwiyahura. Iki gitero cyanahitanye n’umuhungu wa Mitali ubwe, igihugu cyose cyari mu kiriyo.

Abasizi b’abanyarwanda bo bahimbaga iby’ibyishimo, uwitwa Bamenya wa Ruhama yahimbye ikitwa “Imana zitabeshye nyirazo” ashaka kumvisha ko Mutara II Rwogera yari yatoranijwe n’Imana. Uwitwa Nyakayonga wa Musare ahimba ikitwa “ Numvise urwamo rw’impundu”, uwitwa Bikwakwanya ahimba ikitwa “Zabonye uko nshaka” na Rundusha ahimba ikitwa “Icyo barusha abandi bami”

URUPFU RWA RUGAJU RWA MUTIMBO

Umuhango w’ibwami wagenaga ko umwami yaziraga umurozi kandi ko uwo murozi agomba kubizira. Ku rupfu rwa Yuhi IV Gahindiro uwo bagennye ko ariwe wamuroze yari umutoni we Rugaju. Yari afite abanzi benshi cyane ariko akaba igihangage ntihagire umutinyuka, ibyo bamuregaga rero byari ukugirango bamuteranye bamwikize.

Bamuregaga ko yatumye Gahindiro arenga ko iteka ryari ryaraciwe na Cyilima II Rujugira ry’uko yari yaremereye umukobwa we Mitunga ko ntawe umukomokaho uzatangwa n’umwami. Ariko Bitorwa yari yarashwanye na Rugaju maze nawe ko yari umutoni cyane ahimbira Bitorwa icyaha atuma Gahindiro amutanga.

Ibwami bava I Mukingo bajya I Kamonyi bageze ku kagezi kitwa Mukukunguli ko mu mayaga bashaka kwegezayo abari bashyigikiye Rugaju baravuga bati :” abambuka nabasigiranye umubyeyi umwe abandi bajye kuzenguruka ku isoko y’umugezi”. Rugaju yari mu bambuka kuko se yari yarapfuye asigaranye nyina Mayange, mu bana be uwagombaga kwamuka yari Byate gusa kuko nyina yari yarapfuye.

Bamaze kwambuka ibwami bahagarara ahantu hitwa I Buye, bukeye Rugaju ahamagarwa ibwami ahageze arafatwa maze umuhungu we Byate abimenye dore ko yari intwari cyane ku rugamba aza ibwami yiruka n’ingabo n’amacumu abiri. Aza mu baraho batunguwe yinjira mu nzu aho umwami yari ari na nyina ashaka kubica ariko uwitwa Ndamutsa wa Nyarwaya-Nyamutezi wari urimo imbere nawe amutera icumu aramwica.

Abantu bamwe bashaka kurwanirira Rugaju, uwitwa Binumbili bya Mukeke afatanwa intwaro ariko aza kubabarirwa bitewe n’amagambo meza yavuze yiregura. Rugaju ahabwa Bitunganyi bya Sengati wari umwanzi we wa mbere mu gihe bategereje ko akatirwa urwo gupfa.

Ariko ibyo ntibyabaye kuko umukwe we witwa Karega ka Kaligata yabashije kubona uruhushya rwo kumuha umuhoko, amaze kuwunywa arapfa atandangaye imbere y’abanzi be.

Karega ntibyamutera ikibazo kuko umwe mu bagore be yari murumuna w’umugabekazi.

Ibya Rugaju byagabanywe n’abatware benshi aribyo byatumye avuga ngo :”icyo nzize ni uko umwami yari afite abashonji benshi” umuryango we barawica basigaza umuntu umwe gusa umuhungu we Bicakungeli, yari uwo kujya aterekera se. aho I Buye yafatiwe hahindurirwa izina hitwa “Gashirabwoba” kubwo hatinyutse kwakira intumbi ya Rugaju n’ubuhangage bwe.

INTEGO Y’INGOMA : KWIGARURIRA I GISAKA

IGITERO CYO MU KARAMINWE

mu ntangiriro z’ingoma ya Rwogera I Gisaka cyari mu bihe bibi, kuva Ntamwete agarutse ku butegetsi yashatse gutegeka I Gisaka cyose ariko Mushongore wategekaga Migongo aranga we yashakaga ko buri wese agumana igice cye. Ntamwete atera Mushongore ariko aratsindwa atsindirwa ahitwa Kizoke. Ni muri ibyo bihe bibi I Gisaka cyari kigiye guterwa n’u Rwanda.

Ibitekerezo bivuga imitwe yari igiye gutabara I Gisaka harimo :
1) Aabakwiye-Umwami bakundaga kwita “Abakwiye” nibo barindaga Mutara II bakagira amatorero atatu ariyo Abakwiye , Urugangazi n’Impezamihigo. Bagategekwa n’igikomangoma Rwabika wa Yuhi IV.
2) Inzirabwoba bakagira itorero rya mbere ryitwa Inzirabwoba hakaza Itanganika n’intagwabira. Bagatwarwa n’igikomangoma Nkoronko. Ariko agategekerwa na Muganza wa Mutemura kuko Nkoronko yari akiri umwana.
3) Uruyange rwatwarwaga na Rugaju amaze gupfa ruhabwa Rwakagara, rukagira amatorero atatu Uruyange, Urugangazi n’ijuru
4) Intanganzwa zigatwarwa na Marara ya Munana
5) Abashakamba ba Nkusi ya Yuhi IV
6) Imvejuru ba Nyarwaya-Urutesi wa Byavu wari waraguye I Burundi ku Muharuro
7) Abakemba ba Rwihimba wa Kabaka nawe waguye I Burundi uyu mutwe kuva ku ngoma ya Cyilima II barwanaga n’I Gisaka cyane nibo bari bahazi kurusha abandi.
8) Ababito bagatwarwa na Nyankiko wa Rugambwa

Iyo mitwe niyo yarigiye gutabara I Gisaka.

Ibwami bamaze kurangiza ibya Rugaju, bahamagaza izo ngabo zose ngo zitabare I Gisaka zerekeza zose iburasirazuba. Bari bagennye ko bagomba gutera I Gihunya cyayoborwa na Ntamwete bagatekereza ko Mirenge na Migongo bizahita byitanga ako kanya. Bari babizi ko bacitsemo ibice bakanga kubaterera rimwe ngo badahuza imbaraga bakabarwanya bose.

Abatasi b’I Gisaka babamenyesha ko batewe bohereza ingabo nyinshi I Kirwa imbere y’urugerero rwa Munyaga. Ntamwete ntiyari afite ingabo nyinshi, harimo Imanzi, Abarasa n’Abadahigwa.

Uwari uyoboye igitero yari Nyankiko wa Rugambwa, amaze kwambuka u Buganza azenguruka Muhazi agana amajyaruguru bajya gushinga urugerero muri za Gahini-Rukara-Kawangire. Abanyagisaka bariruhutsa barataha bakeka ko izo ngabo ziteye Ndorwa. Ariko bamaze umunsi baruhuka nijoro batera I Gihunya gitunguwe baranyagwa barahatwika batabashije kugira icyo bakora. Icyo gitero kitwa “Karaminwe” byavugaga mu Kinyarwanda cya kera guhuza ibiganza nk’ikimenyetso cy’agahinda. Aribyo abanagisaka bakoze babona igihugu cyabo gitwikwa ntacyo babikozeho.

IGITERO CYO KU RUSUSA N’ AMAHANO Y’I NYARUHONI

Aho ku Rususa ni mu kibaya Ntamwete yari yahungiyemo, cyarimo ibiti byinshi babikozemo nk’urugo barindiraga mo imbere. Yari afite inka y’inyambo yitwaga “Ikotaniro” aza kuvuga ati :” Rwogera nabasha kunyaka ikotaniro nzamenya ko andusha imbaraga”. Ibyo biza kugera ibwami mu Rwanda maze bategura igitero simusiga cyagombaga kwambura Ntamwete ikotaniro akamenya ko Rwogera amurusha imbaraga.

Iyo nka batatandukanga bari kumwe muri icyo kibaya cya Rususa. Ingabo z’u Rwanda zitera zihazengurutse zibasha kurenga imyugariro yabo Ntamwete abona nahaguma ari bufatwe mpiri, atanga itegeko ry’uko basohora iyo nka itunguka mu Ruyange rwayoborwaga na Giharamagara wa Rwakagara. Imaze gufatwa bamenyesha indi mitwe maze bahagarika imirwano yari itagifite akamaro.

Ibyo twe dushobora kubona nta kamaro kanini byari bifite mu bwiru Ntamwete yari yateje ikibazo gikomeye azana iby’ikotaniro ku buryo bagombaga kuyimwaka byanze bikunze.

Itsinzi y’ingabo z’u Rwanda yatumye abaturage bo ku nkiko y’I Gisaka bakeka ko bashobora kujya kunyaga mu Gisaka uko bashatse barikora bayobowe na Baziga w’igikomangoma Rubaba bajya kunyaga I Nyaruhoni bagezeyo abanyagisaka barabagota barabica ntibarokora n’umwe. Hapfamo Baziga wari ubayoboye na Imomo wa Ndoli na Ncambirwa wa Nyulira wa Kabaka, hapfamo na Muhenda wa Rwamuhanda, Rubare rwa Bikorimana.

NTAMWETE YIFATANYA NA RUSHENYI

Twakwibaza impamvu abanyarwanda batafashe Ntamwete mu gihe byagaragaraga ko yatsinzwe, ntabwo byari ugupfa kwigarurira igihugu cyangwa gufata umuntu ukomeye byagombaga kubanza kuragurizwa. Tuzi ko ku ngoma ya Mibambwe II hari hoherejwe umutabazi w’umucengeli I Gisaka, igikomangoma Semucumisi bisa nkaho icyo gitambo cyari gifite cyari icyo kuri iyo ngoma gusa kuko ibwami bagennye kohereza undi witwa Ntabyera.

Ibitekerezo bivuga izina ry’uwahubutse akamwica, yitwaga Semusambi, umuhungu we Bagabo yari mu ntwari z’ingoma ya Rwabugili). Imyambaro ya Ntabyera ikomeje kubayobera babwirwa n’umunyarwanda wari warahungie I Gisaka witwa Bihembe bya Ruyumbu ko bishe umutabazi maze kwa Ntamwete barababara cyane kuko umutabazi bitari ibyago gusa ahubwo byanasobanuraga ko bya bitero bitari ibyo kunyaga gusa ko ahubwo aribyo kwigarurira I Gisaka.

Nyuma yaho gato hari ikindi kintu cyaje gutera inkeke kwa Ntamwete, abanyarwanda bohereje umuntu aragenda nijoro acukura akobo ku ka rubanda kwa Ntamwete I Birenga maze ahambamo inyamaswa yakoreshwaga mu kuraguza ( umushwi ) wari wereye kwigarurira I Gisaka. Arahatwikira ahatera igiti akwizaho ingwa aho hose.

Babimenyesha Ntamwete mu gitondo aza kureba ubwo butumwa bw’abanyarwanda, abajyanama be bamugira inama y’uko babijyana bakabijugunya ahandi maze arabyanga ababwira ati :” mubijyanye kubijugunya ahandi byaba ari ukubitambagiza mu gihugu kandi mubitwitse igihugu cyose cyabihumeka ahubwo mubirekere aha bizagende uko Imana izabishaka”. Icyo giti bahateye cyaje kuvamo igiti cy’inganzamarumbo bakita “ imana ya Rwogera” nicyo kerekana aho Ntamwete yari atuye.

Kuko ibitero byose by’u Rwanda byibandaga ku Gihunya byaje kuhateza inzara maze Ntamwete yategetse Rushenyi watwaraga Mirenge kugira ibyo yohereza I Gihunya. Rushenyi ntiyamwemerera maze Ntamwete ashaka kumuhana atwara uduce tumwe twa Mirenge atwomeka ku Gihunya, Rushenyi ibyo nabyo arabyanga maze bararwana, Ntawete atsinda Rushenyi ahungira mu Rwanda. Aza ibwami akeza Mutara II Rwogera. U Rwanda narwo rumwemera nk’umutware nyawe wa Mirenge rukora uko rushoboye ngo rumusubizeho. Cyari igikorwa cya mbere mu kwigarurira I Gisaka.

IGITERO CYO MU KARWIMO

Hari muri icyo gihe cy’imirwano agace k’I Gihunya abanyarwanda batashoboraga kugera mo kitwaga I Bwilili kari hagati y’Akagera n’ibiyaga bya Sake na Mugesera, kugira ngo kagerwemo byasabaga kwambuka uciye ku butaka buto nabwo bwari ishyamba gusa hakikijwe n’ibyo biyaga byombi. Iryo shyamba ryari ryaratezwe mo imitego ku buryo kuryambuka byari bigoranye. Hari inzira yo kunyurwamo n’abagore n’abana n’amatungo bakagera aho bahungira ubundi inzira igafungwa ku buryo abantu bake cyane babaga bahagije kugirango bakubita incuro umutwe w’ingabo. Niyo mpamvu aho hantu Umutamenwa . Abanyarwanda bari baziko umunsi babashije kuhatsinda Ntamwete azaba atsinzwe birangiye ariko ntibabonaga uko babigenza.

Ariko byahinduye isura igihe Rushenyi yayobotse Mutara II. Yari azi uko Umutamenwa wazengurukwa maze ibyawurindaga bikaba imfabusa. Asaba ko we ubwe yayobora igitero; imitwe myinshi y’ingabo yagombaga kujya ku rugerero rw’I Munyaga nkuko byari bisanzwe, maze ingabo z’I Gisaka zikajya kuzisanganira I Kirwa, maze igitero cy’abanyarwanda nyakuri kigaca mu ishyamba ry’urukaryi zigatunguka mu Bwilili zinyuze mu Karwimo, ahantu abanyarwanda batari bazi kugeza ubwo, hagati y’Akagera n’agace k’iburengerazuba k’ikiyaga cya Mugesera.

Icyo gitero gihabwa imitwe y’ingabo y’Abashakamba ba Nkusi n’ Imvejuru za Nyarwaya-Urutesi. Ako gace gafatwa nta nkomyi maze hanyagwa iminyago myinshi n’abagore n’abana benshi bibazaga ko bari mu buhungiro. Umutamenwa watewe uturutswe inyuma urasenywa abawurindaga batunguwe barahashirira. Izo ngabo zivuye mu Bwilili zituruka I Gihunya amajyaruguru n’amajyepfo zitwika ibyo zihuye nabyo zerekeza Mirenge.

Ingabo zari I Kirwa zumvise ko umutamenwa wasenywe zimanuka zisanganira iyo mitwe ibiri urugamba rubera ahitwa mu Kavogo mu nsi ya Zaza ariko ingabo z’u Rwanda zari I Munyaga nazo zari zamanutse zikurikiye abanyagisaka ibi bikaba byari byateguwe na mbere hose. Kugira ngo batagoterwa impande zose abanyagisaka barahunga maze abanyarwanda baba batsinzwe icyo gitero.

NTAMWETE ARICWA YASABAGA KUYOBOKA

Ntamwete yabonye ko ntakindi yari gukora ashaka guhungira I Burundi ajyana n’ingabo ze bageze mu nzira aribaza ati :” kubera iki nahungira I Burundi? Nyobotse Rwogera mushyiriye ibi byose ntiyankiza?” amaze kubyumvikanaho n’abatware be barahindukira bagera ahitwa Vumwe. Aho niho yoherereje intumwa kuri Rutebuka wari warasimbuye se Ku butware bw’Abakemba. Rutebuka yari I Munyaga Ntamwete amutumaho ati :” Ndashaka icyakiro” Rutebuka nawe abimenyesha ibwami bari I Kaganza ( Gitarama)

Umugabekazi yari abyishimiye ashaka ko Ntamwete aza akayoboka umwami ariko abiru bo bari bafite ibindi bakurikaza. Ntabwo umuntu nkuwo yari kwakirwa bataraguje indagu ibabwira ko Atari uwo kwakirwa ahubwo ari uwo kwicwa. Iyo indagu itabyemeza bari gushaka uburyo bwose bamwegeza kure y’igihugu bashakaga kwigarurira.

Kwiyicwa rya Ntamwete indagu igena Rutebuka we ubwe ko ariwe wagombaga kumwica. Bategura ibirori byo gushuka Ntamwete ku buryo Rutebuka yagombaga kujyana n’ingabo zimuherekeje, batuma kuri Ntamwete ko Rwogera yishimiye kumwakira ko Rutebuka azaza bagahurira ku nkiko ngo bategure iby’urwo rugendo bamubwira aho bagombaga guhurira hari I Bukinamisakura hafi ya Nyamigende. Umunsi ugeze Ntamwete asiga Abarasa kuri Kirwa ati :” nimusigare hano ndababwira nibitungana muze” aherekezwa n’itorero Imanzi ryari rigizwe n’abagabo bo mu kigero cye.

Baricara baraganira bigeze aho Rutebuka arahaguruka amutera icumu biba ikimenyetso abandi nabo bica abari baherekeje Ntamwete, barangije batera I Birambi bashaka kurwana n’Abarasa nabo bababonye bamenya ibyari bimaze kuba bahunga batarwanye. Bahungira kwa Mushongore umutware w’I Migongo.

I GISAKA KIGARURIRWA

Abarasa batwarwaga na Kabaka ka Kayagiro, Mushongore yari yabakiriye neza ariko bajya inama basanga n’ubundi Mushongore ariwe wari bukurikireho bagena kuyoboka Rwogera bakamusaba ko basubira mu byabo mu Gihunya kitari kigifite intambara. Ntamwete amaze gupfa I Gihunya cyahawe Nyamwesa imfura ya Mutara II Rwogera, mu gihe Mirenge yashubijwe Rushenyi. Abarasa bohereza abantu 50 muri bo kujya kuvuga ko bayobotse. Bakirwa neza, Kabaka ahabwa inka 50 uwo bazanye wese ahabwa inka 5 bahabwa yari kuvuzwa bikaba ikimenyetso cy’uko bayobotse. Kabaka agirwa uwungirije Nyamwesa mu gutwara I Gihunya. Abanyarwanda bakuye abagore mu Gisaka bategekwa kubaha Kabaka akazabasubiza abagabo babo usibye abazanywe ari abakobwa.

Hari hasigaye Migongo gusa itari iteje ikibazo k’u Rwanda, Mushongore abibona kare aza kuyoboka bivugwa ko amaze kwambuka u Buganza, Rukaryi n’u Bwanacyambwe ageze ku musozi wa Kigali yabajije ati :” urwo rugo rwa Rwogera ruba he?” baramusubiza bati :” ihangane haracyabura iminsi itatu kugirango uhagere” nawe ati :” Igihugu kinini gutya iyo tubimenya twari kuyoboka tutarwanye”.

Azana ibwami n’abahungu be babiri Rugaga na Rwagaju wasaga n’umwami cyane ibyo bituma umwami amukunda cyane muri gahunda ye yo kwigarurira I Gisaka ashyingira Rugaga umukobwa wa Nkusi witwa Kazuba. Mushongore nawe ashyingira umukobwa we Cyomunyana amushyingira Nkoronko.

Ariko ibyo abanyarwanda babikoraga kugira ngo barebe ko Mushongore yabahishurira aho ingoma ngabe y’I Gisaka “Rukurura” iri ubundi I Gisaka kikaba gifashwe bidasubirwaho. Mushongore nawe amaze kubimenya asanga ariwe waba utanze igihugu asaba uruhushya asubira mu Gisaka ariyimika ahamagarira abanyagisaka kurwanya umunyarwanda.

Rwogera abimenye ahamagaza Rugaga na Rwagaju bari basigaye I Kaganza buri wese amuha icumu ryiza umuheto bihitiyemo n’imyambi umunani ati :” Mushongore yagomye nimusigara hano nkamutsinda azavuga ko yatsinzwe kuko mutari muhari, nimugende mumubwire ko nje”. Abaha ababarinda babageza ku nkiko.

I Gihunya cyari cyizi intambara y’abanyarwanda nticyayoboka Mushongore mu bwigomeke bwe; Mirenge nayo yatwarwaga na Rushenyi wari warayobotse ntiyamukurikira. Igitero cyarebaga Migongo gusa, Inzirabwobwa za Nkoronko n’Imvejuru za Rugereka wari wazunguye Nyarwaya-Urutesi batera Migongo baturuka amajyaruguru naho Abashakamba ba Nkusi n’Abakwiye ba Rwabika batera baturutse Kibungo aba bakaba bari bayobowe na Kabaka ka Kayagiro Mushongore ntiyabasha kubahagarika ahungira I Bujinja aho yaguye nyuma y’imyaka ibiri. Migongo ihabwa Nkoronko.

Rukurura ntiyaboneka mu muco I Gisaka cyari cyaratsinzwe hategerejwe ko gifatwa bya nyabyo ingoma yacyo ibonetse.

Ibitekerezo bivuga ibindi bitero byagiye biba ku ngoma ya Rwogera nk’ibyo mu Ndorwa n’u Bunyabungo ariko icyari kigamijwe cyane cyari I Gisaka. Igitero cy’ibunyabungo kwa Makombe cyo cyatewe n’uko Nkusi yari yahize Imvejuru, maze umutware wazo Nyarwaya-Urutesi amusubiza ko bagena igitero cyikabakiranura. Itorero ry’intwari ryo mu Mvejuru ryari ” Impama” zari zigiye kurushanwa n’Imbungiramihigo. Imbugiramihigo ziratsinda nyuma y’uko Impama zikubitiwe incuro n’abanyabungo.

ITANGA RY’UMWAMI N’IBIBAZO BYATEJE MU BWIRU.

I Gisaka gitsindwa, Mutara II yari arwaye igituntu ari cyo yazize. Twakwibutsa ko abami b’amazina Mutara na Cyilima bari “abami b’inka” yagombaga gukora umuhango wo mu bwiru “inzira y’ishora”, agatabaza umugogo wa Cyilima ubundi akarangiriza iminsi ye mu Bwanacyambwe nawe umugogo we ukazajyanwa I Gaseke. Ariko ibyo byagombaga kuba ariko umuhungu we wagombaga kumusimbura yabaga ari mukuru bihagije kandi umugabekazi yaratanze.

Icyambere cyo cyari cyaramaze kuba ariko icya kabiri kiragorana cyane. Iyo ndwara ikigaragara umugabekazi ntiyashatse kubyumva kuko yateganyaga kurama uko ashoboye; umwami n’abiru bagena kumuha uburozi buri mu kinyobwa boherezayo umutware Semuzigura wa Rubona ngo azabumuhe. Ariko umugabekazi amutegeka kubunywa buramuhitana. Boherezayo Nyarwaya-Urutesi akihagera nawe aramubwira ngo abanze anyweho. Umutware amusaba akanya ko kujya kubwira umwami ibyanyuma, umwami amutegeka kudasubirayo ariko aranga avuga ko yabyemereye umugabekazi aragenda aranywa arapfa.

Kuva icyo gihe ntihagira umubano wongera kuba hagati y’umwami n’umugabekazi. Abami bitwa Mutara nibo bari bemerewe kugena amazina y’amoko n’imiryago izatanga abagabekazi kubw’ibyo Mutara II n’abiru bafata ibyemezo bibiri : 1) kuko umugabekazi yateshutse ku nshingano ze ubwoko bwe ntibuzongere gutanga abagabekazi ingoma 7 zari gukurikiraho. 2) kuko ibyo gutabaza umugogo wa Cyilima bitari bigishobotse kandi byaragombaga gukorwa na ba Mutara gusa, Yuhi wari kuzakiriho ntiyari bukirirwe na Cyilima ahubwo Mutara kugirango azabe ariwe ubikora.

Mu gihe icya kabiri kitari giteje ikibazo, icyambere cyo cyari giteje ikibazo gikomeye cyane ku mafuti yakozwe na Mutara II ubwe n’uwari ugiye kumusimbura wabyongereye ubukana.

Mu gihe umwami yari asigaje igihe gito, Kabego umwami wo ku Ijwi yohereza amakoro nkuko byari bisanzwe ibwami baraguje, indagu ntiyemeza ko bayakira bayasubizayo maze Kabego ararakara atangaza ko yigometse nta mubano azongera kugirana n’umwami w’u Rwanda.

Ibwami bohereza igitero I Ndorwa ariko umwami atanga kigeze mu nzira ahitwa I Hunga muri Buyaga bahita bagaruka, igitero kitwa icy’I Hunga.

Umwami yari yategetse ko batagomba kuvuga inkuru y’itanga rye kwa nyina. Rwakagara musaza w’umugabekazi aramunywesha nawe aratanga. Ubwiru ntibwemeraga ko akomeza kubaho nyuma y’umuhungu we.

Yatanze muri Kamena atabarizwa I Rutare hejuru ku musozi wa Rambura.

IMICO YA MUTARA II RWOGERA

Bivugwa ko Mutara II yari umugabo utuje atandukanye cyane na nyina utaravugirwagamo. Ntijyaga aha agahenge umutwa witwa Ukizuru wari ushinzwe kwica abo atanze kuko buri gihe yabaga hari uwo yatanze. Rimwe umugabekazi yatanze uwitwa Buhake wari umupfumu w’ibwami wari utuye I Kirengo, Ukizuru amujyana yitwaje ishoka ye aho yari agiye kumwicira, mu nzira bahura na Rwogera avuye mu muhigo maze abaza Buhake ati :” urajya he uherekejwe na Ukizuru?” undi ati :” urabibona ibimbayeho, ngiye kwicwa, reka nkugire inama genda ugabane n’umugabekazi abantu maze abe abamare abawe basigarane amahoro” umwami aramusubiza ati :”ngwino tugende ndagukijije ni wowe uzaba uwambere mu bantu banjye”.

Hari ubundi nabwo uwitwa Nyiramakuza wa Sempabwa yigeze kuza gutura inka Rwogera, umugabekazi nawe ahari, maze Nyiramakuza abwira umwami ati :” iyo umuntu akoze igikorwa cy’ubutwari yakira inka umwami cyangwa umutware we amuha y’ishimwe. Iyo ari umwami ugikoze azihabwa n’abatware be cyangwa ababanye na se. Nanjye rero nabanye ndi mubabanye na Gahindiro none nguhaye inka ku bw’igikorwa cy’ubutwari wakoze” umwami ati :” iyi nka ni nziza cyane ndayishimye ariko se ni ikihe gikorwa cy’ubutwari nakoze?” Nyiramakuza aramusubiza ati :”wabaye mu nda ya Nyiramavugo amezi icumi kabone induru n’umushiha bihaba uranga uvamo atabikwanduje. Urongera wonka amashereka ye nayo ntiyakwanduza uwo mushiha, uza uri uw’imico myiza, icyo ni cyo gikorwa cy’ubutwari wakoze.” Abari aho bose baraturika baraseka biratinda. Kuva ubwoNyiramavugo yajya ajya gutera hejuru akabanza akamenya ko Nyiramakuza Atari hafi aho.

Rwogera yajya akunda kurambagira igihugu atambaye nk’umwami akajya kure akageraho agahagarara akabaza abaturage asanze ku nzira uko babona umwami ngo yumve uko bamufata. Abari bamuzi nabo bakigira nkaho batamuzi bakamusubiza. Umugabo umwe wari umuzi atuye mu Rukaryi arahagarara ngo amusubize yumva umwami amubaza ati :” iwanyu aho mutuye bavuga iki k’umwami?” undi aramusubiza ati :”iwacu umwami bavuga ko ari umuntu mwiza ari bamuhimba izina ry’Inpfana-kayo” bisobanura ko atita ku bimureba by’ingenzi. Amuha urugero rw’uwitwa Ruzirampuhwe rwa Remera umugabekazi yari amaze guhana bikomeye kubera ubucuti bwe n’umwami maze umwami ntiyagira icyo abikoraho ngo akize umuntu we.

Bigaragara ko Mutara II atagiraga ijambo imbere ya nyina, kuko ahari yimitswe akiri umwana agakura ategekerwa na nyina ntiyabasha kumwiyaka. Umugabekazi yari yaramurekeye izina ry’ubwami gusa maze ububasha nyabwo abwihera Nkoronko aba ari nkawe utegeka u Rwanda.

Ukwo gutegekwa na Nyina kwa Rwogera byamukoresheje amafuti yari agiye kwishyurwa n’ingoma ikurikira. Nyiramavugo yihesheje ububasha abinyujije ku muhungu we utaragiraga icyo amuhakanira bwo kubwirwa ubwiru amaze kubumenya anasaba ko babubwira musaza we Rwakagara kandi cyaraziraga ko ubwiru bumenywa n’abantu bo mu bwoko bw’ibibanda kugira ngo hatazagira ikibazo kivuka mu gukurikirana kw’ingoma.

Amaze kumenya ubwiru ashaka kubukoresha m nyungu z’ubwoko bwe ntiyatuma umwami ashaka undi mugore wo mu bibanda utari umwegakazi kugira ngo ingoma itazava mu bega kandi ubundi ingoma yakurikiraga yagombaga kujya mu bakono. Ariko abiru nabo bashakisha indi nzira yo gushyingira umwami umugore w’umukonokazi ku buryo Nyiramavugo Atari bumenye. Uw’indagu yerekanye ari Murorunkwere wa Mitali bamushyingira Nkoronko nawe azi ko ari ibisanzwe, ariko hashize igihe bashyigiranywe babwira Nkoronko ngo atabare ku nkiko ya ruguru hari abahima bateye ajya ku rugerero rw’I Hunga. Muri icyo gihe yaragiye Rwogera kajya ajya gusura Murorunkwere babyarana umwana, batumaho Nkoronko ngo aze yite izina akeka ko ari uwe amwita “Sezisoni”.

Umwana amaze kwigira hejuru umwami asaba murumuna we Nkoronko ati :”nkunda umwana wawe Sezisoni kandi nawe ukunda uwanjye Rukangankagwe none nduhinduranye” Nkoronko arabyemera. Imigambi ya Nyiramavugo baba bayiburijemo kuko atakegaga umwana nkuwo yaba umwami.

Mutara II yangaga murumuna we Nkoronko kuko nyina yari yamwambuye ububasha akabumuha. Yashatse kugira icyo abikoraho ariko ntiyabishobora. Ariko umugabekazi aza kumuha amahirwe yo kwihimura atabizi.

Amatsiko ya Nyiramavugo yatumye ashaka kumenya uwari kuzamusimbura umwami ajya kubibaza Karamira ka Vuninka wari umukuru w’umuryango w’abatsobe akaba ari nawe wakurikiraga mu cyubahiro umwami n’umugabekazi. Nyiramavugo yari azi neza ko Karamira abizi ariko nawe amubwira ko azamusubiza amaze kubaza umwe muri bagenzi be. Umugabekazi akaba aziko bibujijwe kuganira n’umwiru nta wundi muntu uhari aranga abirengaho. Abo biru bajya kubibwira Mutara II nawe arababwira ati :” arashaka kubimenya akajya kubibwira Nkoronko, mumubwire ko ari imfura yanjye Nyamwesa” uyu Nyamwesa yakundanaga cyane na Nkoronko atazi ko se amwanga, umwami arabwira ati :” bityo Nkoronko azaba yibeshye kandi muzakore ku buryo azavuga ko abizi kugira ngo uzankurikira azamutange apfe”.

Bigenda uko babiteguye babeshya Nyiramavugo nawe ajya kubibwira Nkoronko nkuko bari babyiteze ati :” ingoma izaguma mu bwoko bwacu kandi Nyamwesa niwe uzima none rero mukomeze ubucuti mufitanye” iyo niyo ngoma ya Mutara II Rwogera mu byiza n’ibibi byayo.

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